Through the Peace, Social-Economic Justice and Good Governance Program, CCT aims to foster good governance by promoting practices that ensure transparent, accountable, responsive, and effective governance processes at all levels of government. It increases the capacity and responsiveness of local governments, especially through greater input from citizens. The program also aims at enhancing and sustaining peaceful co-existence, respect for human rights and equitable participation in managing and sharing social, economic, political and cultural life among the communities. It promotes equal access to justice and promotes the protection of the full range of human rights to the member of communities. It engages the communities in lobbying and advocacy on human rights, good governance and challenging the unjust systems and structures through Public Expenditure Tracking Surveys (PETS) Committees, Inter-faith Committees, and Paralegals. It encourages government officials and the public to recognize and promote economic, social, and cultural rights as well as civil and political rights. The Program is also involved in peace building, conflict transformation and promotion of sustainable peace in the communities especially the community prone to land based conflicts. The program also facilitates and encourages the establishment of IR-VICOBA as a means of economic empowerment for communities. Collectively, the interventions promoted by the program have ensured good governance, promotion of peace at community level, and creation of awareness on people’s rights in particular children and women. CCT collaborates with other CSOs especially in training paralegals and PETs.
- Public Expenditure Tracking Surveys (PETS)
PETs ensure good governance by tracking and monitoring income and expenditures of the local government institutions and subsequent development projects carried out by them. From 2014, CCT has strengthened the PETS committees that already existed and facilitated the establishment of new committees in districts where PETS had not yet reached. Currently CCT supported PETS Committees exist and are active in Bahi, Chunya, Gairo, Geita, Kilosa, and Same. PETS committees have been successful in ensuring the village government adheres to good governance and also citizen participation in village meetings. In this, CCT through PETS Committees is addressing a national acknowledged problem of low citizen participation in decision making processes. In 2014, REPOA reported that there were 13% decline in participation in council meetings in rural areas from 2006 to 2013 and 16% decline in village planning meetings in the same period.3 The committees are making significant contribution in opening up space for citizen participation and decision-making on development issues in rural areas. In the districts that the team visited where PETS committees exist, they were actively following up village income and expenditure accounts, development projects, and school projects. The effectiveness of PETS committees can partly be measured by the number of cases that PETS committees addressed. In the 6 districts4 where CCT intervened, PETS committees addressed 114 cases between 2012 and 2014.5 That is an average of 38 cases per year. In 2015, PETS committees addressed 51 cases,6 which is 34% increase. As shown in the table below, CCT has proven to be efficient in PETS.
Thus overall impact of PETS committees includes: improved good governance at village levels on areas of accountability and transparency and improved social services delivery in rural areas. The local government authorities admitted the positive role of PETS in making them doing their duties. For example, in Chibelela village, the Chairperson of the Village Council admitted “PETS have encouraged the participation of people in Village Assembly/Meetings as a result of mobilization and education by PETS committee.” Among the 51 cases addressed in 2015, 23 were social service delivery (health services and education), and the rest included infrastructure and water supply.7 In 2014/2015, CCT introduced PETS MASTER TRAINERS who have been facilitated to form, establish and mentor PETS Committees in the District of Bahi and Gairo. This Master Trainer approach is potentially consolidating the successes of PETS Committees as it will ensure sustainability and continuous formation of PETS Committees even in villages where CCT might not be able to reach in the future. Since 2015 when this approach was piloted in Bahi, 10 new village PETS Committees have been establishment and strengthening.